Simple Control Method for Unified Power Quality based on Five-level Inverter Topologies Operating under all Voltage Disturbances
Keywords:Five-level (NPC) inverter, UPQC, Voltage disturbance compensation, Power quality improvement, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
This paper proposes a simple control scheme for UPQC (Unified Power Quality Conditioner) system based on five-level NPC (Neutral Point Clamped) inverter capable to compensate all disturbances under all voltage conditions. The proposed UPQC is designed by the integration of shunt and series APFs (Active Power Filters) sharing a common dc bus capacitor. The dc voltage is maintained constant using proportional integral voltage controller. To get the reference signals for shunt and series APFs, synchronous current detection method (SCD) and instantaneous reactive power (PQ) strategies are adopted. These reference signals are derived from the control algorithm and injected in LS-SPWM (Level Shifted-Sin Pulse Width Modulation) controllers to generate the switching signals. The performance of proposed UPQC system is evaluated using MATLAB-Simulink software and SimPowerSystem Toolbox for all voltage disturbances compensation. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of proposed UPQC system to improve the power quality at the common connection point of the non-linear load in steady and transient conditions operation.
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